List of Japanese verbs by 3 groups.

Hello! I am Mayo.

Japanese verbs can be categorized into 3 groups.
When the verbs change their form into polite form and other forms, they change their form depending on these 3 groups. Therefore, it is very important to learn how to categorize verbs into 3 groups.

What is Japanese 3 verb groups?

To learn about 3 verb groups, please watch the video.




List of verbs

Japanese verb Group.1

No.RomajiJapaneseScriptEnglish verb
1tasu 足す add
2tsuku着くarrive
3naoru直るbe cured, healed
4chigau違うbe different, wrong
5mitsukaru見つかるbe found
6yorokobu喜ぶbe glad, pleased
7komaru困るbe in trouble
8nakunaru無くなるbe missing, vanish
9naruなるbecome
10komu込むbecome crowded
11hajimaru始まるbegin
12saku咲くbloom
13fuku吹くblow, wipe
14noru乗るboard, ride on
15kau買うbuy
16yobu呼ぶcall
17erabu選ぶchoose, select
18noboru登るclimb
19shimaru閉まるclose, be closed
20kuru来るcome
21mairu参るcome/go (humble)
22tsuzuku続くcontinue, follow
23wataru渡るcross
24naku泣くcry
25kiru切るcut
26shinu死ぬdie
27yaruやるdo, give
28suruするdo, make
29nomu飲むdrink
30owaru終わるend
31tanoshimu楽しむenjoy, have fun
32hairu入るenter
33dasu出すextract, take out
34furu降るfall from the sky
35sagaru下がるfall, drop, hang
36tsuru釣るfish
37narabu並ぶform a line, equal
38kaesu返すgive back, return (something to someone)
39iku行くgo
40susumu進むgo forward, advance
41mawaru回るgo round
42agaru上がるgo up, rise
43watasu渡すhand over
44aru有るhave, exist
45motsu持つhave, hold, own
46suu吸うinhale, sip, smoke
47tobu飛ぶjump, fly
48shiru知るknow
49warau笑うlaugh
50narau習うlearn
51kasu貸すlend
52kiku聞くlisten
53sumu住むlive, reside
54sawagu騒ぐmake a noise, be rowdy
55tsukuru作るmake, build, create
56au会うmeet
57iru要るneed
58aku開くopen, become vacant
59nuru塗るpaint
60harau払うpay
61asobu遊ぶplay
62sasu刺すpoint out, sting, stab
63migaku磨くpolish
64hiku引くpull
65osu押すpush, press
66haku履くput on, wear (on feet or legs – trousers/shoes etc)
67oku置くput, place
68yomu読むread
69morau貰うreceive, get
70naosu直すrepair, cure
71tanomu頼むrequest, order, ask favour
72yasumu休むrest, sleep
73kaeru帰るreturn, go home
74hashiru走るrun
75kakeruかけるrun, canter, gallop
76iu言うsay
77shikaru叱るscold, tell off
78sagasu探すsearch for
79uru売るsell
80okuru送るsend, see off
81utau歌うsing
82suwaru座るsit
83suberu滑るslip
84hanasu話すspeak
85tatsu立つstand up
86nusumu盗むsteal
87haru張るstick, put something on
88tomaru止まるstop
89oyogu泳ぐswim
90nugu脱ぐtake off, remove (shoes, clothes)
91kakaru掛かるtake, begin, be hanging
92toru取るtake, steal
93omou思うthink
94sawaru触るtouch or feel (with hands)
95kesu消すturn off, erase
96magaru曲がるturn, bend
97wakaru分かるunderstand
98tsukau使うuse, operate
99matsu待つwait
100aruku歩くwalk
101arau洗うwash
102kaburu被るwear (on your head), put on
103hataraku働くwork
104tsutsumu包むwrap
105kaku書くwrite

Japanese verb Group.2

No.RomajiJapaneseScriptEnglish verb
1kotaeru答えるanswer
2abiru浴びるbathe, take a shower
3iru居るbe
4dekiru出来るbe able
5umareru生まれるbe born
6makeru負けるbe defeated, lose a game
7tariru足りるbe enough, suffient
8mieru見えるbe visible, able to see
9nureru濡れるbecome wet
10hajimeru始めるbegin
11kariru借りるborrow, rent
12tateru立てるbuild
13shiraberu調べるcheck, investigate
14hareru晴れるclear up, tidy up
15tsuzukeru続けるcontinue, proceed
16kimeru決めるdecide, choose
17taberu食べるeat
18torikaeru取り換えるexchange
19taoreru倒れるfall down, collapse
20mitsukeru見つけるfind
21wasureru忘れるforget
22oriru降りるget off, go down
23tsukareru疲れるget tired
24okiru起きるget up
25ageru あげる give
26deru出るgo out
27dekakeru出かけるgo out, leave home
28mukaeru迎えるgreet, meet, welcome
29kakeru掛けるhang, sit, telephone, risk
30tasukeru助けるhelp
31tsureru連れるlead
32naraberu並べるline up, list, arrange in order
33miru見るlook
34sageru下げるlower, hang
35machigaeru間違えるmake a mistake
36shiraseru知らせるnotify
37akeru開けるopen
38wakareru別れるpart, separate from, be divided, divorced
39sugiru過ぎるpass, exceed
40homeru褒めるpraise
41ireru入れるput in, let in
42oboeru覚えるremember, learn
43miseru見せるshow
44shimeru閉めるshut
45neru寝るsleep, go to bed
46tomeru止めるstop, fasten
47yameru止めるstop, give up, resign
48oshieru教えるteach, show
49nageru投げるthrow away
50suteru捨てるthrow away
51sodateru育てるto rear, to bring up
52tsukeru点けるturn on, light
53kieru消えるvanish, go out, be extinguished
54kiru着るwear
55tsutomeru勤めるwork for

Japanese verb Group.3

No.RomajiJapaneseScriptEnglish verb
1kuru来るcome
2suruするdo

Good luck with your Japanese study!

I hope this article and the vide are helpful for you.
Good luck with your Japanese study and see you again soon!