3 Verb Groups in Japanese

Japanese verbs can be categorized into 3 groups.

It’s necessary to memorize those 3 groups so that you can change the form of verbs to create masu form(polite form), past tense etc…

YouTube video.

Here is the youtube video about 3 verb groups.(in Hindi)



3 verb groups in Japanese

Here are the 3 groups of Japanese verbs.


As you can see, you can differentiate those 3 groups with how the verb ends.
We have many verbs in group.1 and group2  but we have only 2 verbs in  group3.


How to make masu form?

“Masu form” is a polite form of verbs.
It can be present tense as well as future tense depending on the contexts.

Now that you learned 3 verb groups, you can create masu form following the rules below.


For more info on masu form, please watch this video!

Japanese Adjectives I Adjectives and NA Adjectives い形容詞+な形容詞 (I keiyoshi+Na keiyoshi)

Hello! I am Mayo, a Japanese YouTuber/ japanese language teacher.

Today, I wanna teach you about Japanese Adjective which is called 形容詞 (Keiyoshi) in Japanese.


2 types of adjectives in Japanese

In Japanese, there are 2 types of Adjectives.い形容詞(I adjectives)&な形容詞(NA adjectives)
There are differences in shapes and how to use them.

I adjectives and NA adjectives


Examples for I adjectives(い形容詞)

“Mt. Fuji is high”

If you want to make this sentence negative, there will be several forms.
Making Negative form of I adjective

  1. Erase い(i)
  2. Put く(ku)
  3. Put ないですor はないです or くありません or くはありません 


い形容詞(I adjectives)
い形容詞(I adjectives)



い形容詞(I adjectives)
い形容詞(I adjectives)


Examples for NA adjectives(な形容詞)

“Cherry blossoms are beautiful.”

If you want to make this sentence negative, you have to put じゃないですor ではないです or じゃありません or ではありません

な形容詞(Na Adjective)
な形容詞(Na Adjective)
な形容詞(Na Adjective)
な形容詞(Na Adjective)


I hope you understand what are the 2 types of Adjectives and how to make negative forms.
I will probably make another article about how to make various sentences of 2 types of adjectives.
So, stay tuned!


YouTube video about 2 types of Adjectives.


Japanese Grammar.1 | I am ~ , You are ~ in Japanese. 私は〜です。あなたは〜です。

Watch YouTube



  B  です。
   A      wa     B         desu.

→  is 

*In Japanese, “wa” almost always comes after the subject.
Sometimes we put “ga” instead of “wa” to emphasize the subject.




→I am Japanese


→I am an Indian.



→You are Japanese.



→You are an Indian.


5)わたしは、クマール です。

→ I am Kumar



→ He is a teacher



→The teacher is young



→She is cute.